Tafsir

“Help Allah and He will Help You…”

“Helping Allah…”

***

Allah says in surat al-Hajj, verse 40: “Indeed Allah will help those who help Him. Indeed Allah is Exalted in Might, All-Powerful”.

Allah also says in sura Muhammad verse 7: “O you who believe! If you support Allah, He will support you and make your foothold firm.”

Supporting Allah means:[1]

[1] Supporting His Religion through (i) following it, (ii) spreading it through da`wa and (iii) learning it. This is broader in its meaning.[2]

[2] Supporting His Prophet through (i) following his sunna, (ii) obeying him and (iii) protecting his honour and example.

[3] Supporting the Shariah through (i) following it, (ii) implementing it and (iii) defending it.[3]

  • The phrase {and make your foothold firm} “is an expression denoting victory [s: granted to the Muslims]…”[4]
  • Victory or help from Allah thus has conditions. Helping Allah’s cause or supporting His religion with whatever the situation demands is the condition for Allah to honour the believers with victory.
  • In reality, Allah is not in need of any help; the actions are for our benefit and requirement for our success in both this world and the hereafter.

s.z.c.

______________

[1] al-Shinqiti, Adwa’ al-Bayan, 5:703-704.

[2] al-Mawardi, al-Nukat wa’l-`Uyun, 5:295:

وله عز وجل: { يَأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ إِن تَنصُرواْ اللَّهَ يَنْصُرْكُمْ } فيه وجهان: أحدهما: إن تنصروا دين الله ينصركم الله. الثاني: إن تنصروا نبي الله ينصركم الله، قاله قطرب

Ibn al-Jawzi, Zad al-Masir, 7:397:

قوله تعالى: { إِن تنصُروا اللهَ } أي: تنصُروا دينه ورسوله { ينصُرْكم } على عدوِّكم { ويثبِّتْ أقدامكم } عند القتال

`Izz ibn `Abd al-Salam, Tafsir, p.534:

تَنصُرُواْ اللَّهَ } دينه، أو نبيه { وَيُثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَكُمْ } بالنصر، أو قلوبكم بالأمن}

[3] Ibn al-Jawzi, op. cit., 5:437:

قوله تعالى: { وَلَيَنْصُرَنَّ اللهُ مَنْ يَنْصُرُه } أي: من ينصر دينه وشرعه.

[4] al-Shawkani, Fath al-Qadir from Ibn `Atiyya, al-Muharrar al-Wajiz, 2:507:

وتثبيت الأقدام عبارة عن النصر

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