Mustafa Jaane Rehmat_the prophets night journey

Mustafa Jaane Rehmat Pe Laakon Salam_

The Prophet’s Night Journey


Alahazrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan al-Qadiri al-Hanafi (may Allah’s mercy be upon him) says:

مصطفٰی جان رحمت پہ لاکھوں سلام

شمعِ بزمِ  ہدایت پہ لاکھوں سلام

Countless blessings on al-Mustafa, the Essence of Mercy.

Countless salutations on the most resplendent light of Guidance!

شبِ اسرا کے دولہا پہ دائم دُرود
نوشۂ بزمِ جنّت پہ لاکھوں سلام

Perpetual blessings on the bridegroom of the heavenly Ascension;

Countless blessings on the guest of honour in Paradise!


The Prophet was miraculously taken on a real night journey to the sacred precinct of Jerusalem and then on a tour of heavenly ascent in which the mysteries and the wonders of creation were shown. This event is one of the greatest honours conferred on the Prophet and exalts his rank.[1] In summary, the events that occurred include five key stations:[2]

[1] The Night Journey and Jerusalem: riding the buraq (winged animal) with Jibril and Mika’il; tour of Paradise and Hellfire.[3]

[2] The Seven Heavens: encounters with all the Prophets.[4]

[3] The Lote-Tree and Paradise: the farthest extreme of reality and the vision of Jibril’s true angelic form.[5]

[4] The Divine Meeting: direct encounter with Allah, the conversation between the Prophet and Allah, the legislation of the 5 daily Prayers and other rulings.[6]

[5] The Descent to earth: the Prophet’s detailed narration of what he saw to the Meccans.[7]


Abundant salutations and peace,

On our Beloved, The Chosen One.

Upon his family, Companions and all

Who follow them. Amin.

[1] Refer to Imam Qadi `Iyad’s book al-Shifa bi-Ta`rif Huquq al-Mustafa (= A. Bewley’s trans.), §§2-7, pp.91-108.

[2] As in Sh. Sayyid Muhammad `Alawi al-Maliki’s al-Anwar al-Bahiyya min Isra’ wa Mi`raj Khayr al-Bariyya (= trans. G. F. Haddad as ‘The Prophet’s Night Journey and Heavenly Ascent’), pp.1-61.

[3] See `Alawi al-Maliki, The Prophet’s Night Journey, pp.6-18.

[4] See `Alawi al-Maliki, The Prophet’s Night Journey, pp.18-27.

[5] See `Alawi al-Maliki, The Prophet’s Night Journey, pp.27-30.

[6] See `Alawi al-Maliki, The Prophet’s Night Journey, pp.30-34. For discussions of the modality of the Prophet’s vision (ru’ya) of Allah, see op., cit, pp.49-63 and Ibn Hajar, Fath al-Bari, 1:125-135 and al-Salihi, Subul al-Huda, 3:82-93.

[7] See `Alawi al-Maliki, The Prophet’s Night Journey, pp.34-39. Cf. A. Hajjaj, The Isra’ and Mi`raj (trans. H. Khattab), pp.5-53.


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