Alahazrat

Mustafa Jaane Rehmat_the blessed speech of the Prophet

Mustafa Jaane Rehmat Pe Laakon Salam_

The Superlative Eloquence of the Prophet

_____♦_____

Alahazrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan (Allah’s mercy be upon him) says:

مصطفٰی جان رحمت پہ لاکھوں سلام

شمعِ بزمِ  ہدایت پہ لاکھوں سلام

Countless blessings on al-Mustafa, the fount of Mercy.

Countless salutations on the most resplendent light of Guidance!

اُس کی پیاری فصاحت پہ بے حد دُرود
اُس کی دل کش بلاغت پہ لاکھوں سلام

Countless benedictions on his pure speech;
Countless salutations on that heart-enticing eloquence!

Notes:

The Prophet was the most fluent and eloquent person “in the language of ‘dad’” [Arabic][1] even though he was not a poet, orator or educated and taught by anyone human through customary educational channels like a school. Allah had mediated his learning of Arabic directly through the Arch Angel Jibril (as).[2] This is one of his miracles and honours conferred to him by Allah.[3] His eloquence and sound Arabic had at least the following qualities:[4]

[1] He used sound and precise descriptions and meanings.

[2] He coined splendid and precise maxims.

[3] He conversed and debated in multiple dialects.

The description of the Prophet’s speech (kalam) has been recorded and conveyed by the Companions and it is, in summary, as follows:[5]

[1] His speech was balanced, measured and paced with each word pronounced clearly and properly.

[2] His speech was not swift or difficult to follow.

[3] His speech could be remembered because it was completely intelligible.

[4] His speech was concise with expansive meaning.

[5] His speech was noble and eloquent with the choicest words.

s.z.c.

Abundant salutations and peace,

On our Beloved, The Chosen One.

Upon his family, Companions and all

Who follow them. Amin.


[1] See Imam `Ali al-Qari’s discussion of the statement “أنا أفصح من نطق بالضاد، بيد أني من قريش” where the meaning is considered sound but not the narration itself, al-Asrar al-Marfu`a, pp.136-137 (#68). Cf. al-`Ajluni, Kashf al-Khafa’, 1:232 (#609) and al-Sakhawi’s al-Maqasid al-Hasana, p.167 (#185) for their comments.

[2] Cf. Imam al-`Izz Ibn `Abd al-Salam’s Bidayat al-Sul fi Tafdil al-Rasul, pp.39-40 and fn. 53-54 (#39 = Bewley’s trans.).

[3] See Imam al-Sakhawi, al-Qawl al-Badi`, p.116. Upon Sayyiduna `Umar Ibn al-Khattab asking the Prophet how is it he was so eloquent from among the Arabs despite never leaving the peninsula, he replied that Jibril inspired him with the language. See Bidayat al-Sul fi Tafdil al-Rasul, fn. 53-54 (= Bewley’s trans.).

[4] As mentioned by Imam Qadi `Iyad in his Shifa (= Bewley trans.), §5, pp.39-42.

[5] For which see Imam al-Tirmidhi’s al-Shama’il (#213-215) and Shaykh al-Hadith Mawlana Zakariyya Khandahlawi’s comments (pp.208-212). See also al-Suyuti’s Mukhtasar of the Shama’il, pp.21-22 and 30-31 (#29-31).

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