The Family of the Prophet (SAW)_
Section: Fiqh al-Akbar: “wa Abu Talib… rusul Allah (SAW)”.
- Abu Talib was the Prophet’s (SAW) uncle.
- Abu Talib died a disbeliever.
- The Rawafidah believed the opposite.
- Abu Talib denied the Shahadah on his death bed.
- The Prophet’s father died a disbeliever.
- Qasim (= 1st born son, hence kunya [‘agnomen’] Abu ’l-Qasim; lived for 17 months; born pre-risalah), Tahir (also known as `Abd Allah and Tayyib; born post-risalah) and Ibrahim (from Mary the Coptic; died when he was 70 days old and the Prophet [SAW] prayed for him in Baqi` cemetery) were the sons of the Prophet (SAW).
- Fatimah, Ruqayyah, Zaynab and Umm Kulthum were the daughters of the Prophet (SAW).
Point: The Prophet’s parents are not considered to have died on disbelief (kufr) but upon the natural way (`ala ’l-fitrah). The following are some evidences:
- It cannot be definitively proven to be the verdict of Imam Abu Hanifah.
- Imam `Ali al-Qari himself held the same view later on in his life despite all the editions of his commentary on the Fiqh al-Akbar containing the opposite.
- There are discrepancies in the different manuscripts that require clarification.
- Al-Zabidi records the account of it being a scribal error (a mistaken deletion by the copyist of the negative particle ma/ما in ma mata/ما ماتا) thinking it superfluous.
- The lexical/syntactical context (siyaq al-khabar) does not allow for the reading of them being in Hellfire because it would be cumbersome to make two separate declarative statements.
- The use of the word ‘father’ does not necessarily mean just that but can refer to ‘uncle’ and ‘grandfather’.
Despite the above, caution, respect and wisdom are required and the matter is best avoided.
Imam Abu Hanifah did not mention the wives of the Prophet (SAW). The Mother of the Believers (ummhat al-mu’minin) are:
- `A’ishah. She is:
- Umm Salamah
- Umm Habibah
- Zaynab bint Jahsh
- Zaynab bint Khuzaymah
May Allah be pleased with them all!
 See the commentary by al-Maghnisawi entitled Sharh Fiqh al-Akbar, pp.209-214; `Ali al-Qari’s larger commentary Minah al-Rawd al-Azhar, pp.312-319 and Wensick, The Muslim Creed, pp.239-242.
 There appears to be a narration that is sahih (although unclear) from the Tabaqat al-Kubra, 1:118 of Ibn Sa`d that Abu Talib will be saved.
 See al-Maghnisawi, Sharh Fiqh al-Akbar, p.210.
 Q. 9:113 and 28:56 are said to have been revealed for this.
 Although there are differences of opinion: 1. Tayyib and Tahir are different individuals and 2. Two sets of twins Tahir and Mutahhir and Tayyib and Mutayyib. See al-Ghawji, al-Ta`liq al-Muyassar, p.313.
 Cf. Bukhari, Sahih, no. 1293.
 See `Ali al-Qari, Minah al-Rawd al-Azhar, pp.313-314.
 i.e. that they are believers as he states in Sharh al-Shifa’, 1:601 which was one of the last larger works he composed (completed 1011/1602) before his death. Cf. al-Ghawji, al-Ta`liq al-Muyassar, p.18 and Hassan al-Saqqaf, Ilqam al-Hajar li ’l-Mutatawil `ala ’l-Asha`irah min al-Bashar, p.77 (n.5). Although again this ‘fact’ is disputable as there appear to be slight tampering with the original texts of the Sharh al-Shifa’.
 Cf. MSS: Minah al-Rawd al-Azhar, MS. al-Azhar Library, no.2743 = أو ماتا على الفطرة and Fiqh al-Akbar, MS. no.5844 = الجاهلية. See also Sharh Fiqh al-Akbar, MS. no.41174 = الفطرة and MS. Arif Hikmet, no.161 = ما مات على الكفر . Cf. al-Ghawji, Abu Hanifah, pp.315-316.
 As mentioned by al-Kawthari in al-`Alim wa ’l-Muta`allim, pp.7-8 citing al-Zabidi’s work al-Intisar li Waliday al-Nabiyy al-Mukhtar.
 In other words, the text is disjointed if it has: ‘The Prophets parents died disbelievers’ and ‘Abu Talib died a disbeliever’ rather than a single ‘The Prophet’s parents and Abu Talib died disbelievers’.
 As in Q. 2:133. Cf. also al-Baydawi, Anwar al-Tanzil, 4:384. See also Abu Talib who characterised the Prophet as his son; see Ibn Hisham, al-Sirah al-Nabawiyyah, 1:322; Ibn Sa`d, Tabaqat al-Kubra, 1:155; al-Tabari, Ta’rikh, 1:519; al-Taymi, Dala’il al-Nabuwwah, p.231 and Ibn al-Jawzi, Sifat al-Safwah, 1:69.
 The Prophet (SAW) mentioned himself as the ‘son of `Abd al-Muttalib’ and referred to Hasan as “my son”. See Ahmad, Musnad, 25:419, no.16033; Ibn Abi `Asim in al-Ahad wa ’l-Mathani, no.934 Ibn Abi Shaybah in al-Musannaf, 12:100-101; al-Tabarani in al-Mu`jam al-Kabir, no.7107 and al-Hakim, al-Mustadrak, 3:626-627, no.165-166.
 See Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar, 2:386. Although compare his statements in rejecting the disbelief of the parents of the Prophet, 3:183 and 4:231.
 See Q. 24:11-17.
 For her opposing and fighting `Ali. See al-Qari, Minah al-Rawd al-Azhar, pp.318-319.
 See `Ali al-Qari, Minah al-Rawd al-Azhar, p.318.