Surat al-Baqara / Tafsir

‘Whoever submits his face: A Tafsir of Baqara Verse 112’

“‘And whoever submits his face’

– A Tafsir of Baqara Verse 112”

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Allah states in the Qur’an: {and whoever submits his face}, then his reward is with his Lord. On such a person will be no fear nor shall he grieve}. Commenting on this verse, Shaykh `Ata’ Ibn Khalil (may Allah preserve him) said:

أي أسلم كله، و إستعمال الوجه هنا مجاز من باب إطلاق الجزء للدلالة على الكل لأهمية ذلك الجزء، و هو هنا الوجه و أريد به كل الجسم…

Translation:

“{and whoever submits his face…} means he submitted fully and completely. The word ‘face’ (wajh) here has been used figuratively (majaz) which is an example of the part being mentioned but what is intended is the whole (bab itlaq al-juz’ li-dalalat al-kull) in order to single out the importance of that part. Here in the verse, the face is mentioned but it indicates the whole body.”[1]

Notes:

  • Another example of naming an entire thing by a defining part of it is in surat al-Muzzammil: {stand at night, except a little…}.[2] Here the command to ‘stand’ (qum) at night actually means ‘pray a part of the night!’ because standing (qiyam) is a pillar and defining aspect of the prayer (salah).[3]

s.z.c.


[1] Ibn Khalil, al-Taysir Fi Usul al-Tafsir, p.141. For more on majaz, see idem, Taysir al-Wusul ila ’l-Usul, pp.122-126.

[2] Q. 73:2.

[3] al-Shawkani writes in Fath al-Qadir, 1:1544 (= al-Qurtubi, al-Jami` li-Ahkam al-Qur’an, 19:32): “the meaning of {stand} here means ‘pray!’ which is an expression that is figurative…”

إن معنى { قم } صلّ، عبر به عنه واستعير له

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