Q & A Wudu' and Purity

Q & A: “Takhlil of the toes…”

TAKHLIL OF THE TOES

Q. When do we clean between the toes. I thought it was while we were doing wudu.

A.

            According to the Hanafi School (as I understand it) performing khilal/takhlil (washing/rubbing between the toes or fingers) is performed after one washes the feet or hands because it is something done to compensate for any shortcomings in the obligatory aspects. This is evinced in the following manuals of Hanafi fiqh:

[1] “(and) rubbing between (the fingers) of the hand by interlacing them as well as the feet by the little finger of the left hand between the toes of his right foot. This is done after the water has reached between the toes…”[1]

 

( و ) تخليل ( الأصابع ) اليدين بالتشبيك والرجلين بخنصر يده اليسرى بادئا بخنصر رجله اليمنى وهذا بعد دخول الماء خلالها 

[2] “…and doing khilal of the fingers before water has reached between the spaces of the fingers is a fard and after it is a sunna…”[2]

وتخليل الأصابع قبل وصول الماء إلى ما بين الأصابع فرض وبعده سنة

[3] “…doing khilal after washing three times because it one of the sunna that is performed three times…”[3]

وفي الظهيرية والتخليل إنما يكون بعد التثليث لأنه سنة التثليث

[4] “…doing takhlil of the fingers and toes after water has reached between the spaces…”[4]

والثاني عشر تخليل الأصابع في اليدين والرجلين بعد إيصال الماء إلى ما بين الأصابع

[5] “And this includes takhlil of the fingers [and toes] after water has reached between he spaces… takhlil is related to completing and perfecting the duty so it is a sunna…”[5]

ومنها تخليل الأصابع بعد إيصال الماء إلى منابتها…لإن التخليل من باب إكمال الفريضة فكان مسنونا

[6] “and water reaching the tip of the fingers as well as between them is a fard whereas takhlil of the fingers after water has reached them is a sunna…”[6]

وإيصال الماء إلى رؤوس الأصابع وبين الأصابع فرض وتخليل الأصابع بعد إيصال الماء سنة 

[7] “[…] Shaykh Kamal al-Din Ibn al-Humam said that performing takhlil after [washing] is mustahabb mm”[7]

والوعيد في هذه الأحاديث [أي أحاديث تخليل الأصابع] محمول على إيصال الماء إلى ما بينها فإنه لا يجوز ترك ما خفي مما هو بينها كما يجوز في داخل اللحية الكثيفة قال الشيخ كمال الدين بن الهمام والتخليل بعد هذا مستحب لعدم المواظبة مع كونه إكمالا في المحل.

 

[8] “And if water does not completely reach between the spaces of the fingers [and toes] then one must do takhlil three times after washing as mentioned in al-Kifaya…”[8]

وإن كانت الأصابع بحيث لا يصل الماء فيما بينها يفرض تخليلها. ووقته بعد الغسل ثلاثا كذا في الكفاية

 

And Allah knows best.


[1] Imam Ibn `Abidin, al-Durr al-Mukhtar, vol.1, p.117.

[2] Ibn `Ala’ al-Din, al-Fatawa al-Tatarkhaniyya, vol.1, p.94.

[3] Imam Ibn Nujaym, al-Bahr al-Ra’iq, vol.1, p.22.

[4] Imam al-Samarqandi, Tuhfat al-Fuqaha’, vol.1, p.13.

[5] al-Kashani, al-Bada’i` al-Sana’i`, vol.1, p.114.

[6] Imam al-Bukhari, Khulasat al-Fatawa, vol.1, p.22.

[7] Imam al-Halabi, Ghunyat al-Mutamalli, p.24.

[8] al-Ghunaymi, Nihayat al-Murad, p.110.

 

 

 

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