The Prophet Muhammad

“Shaykh Salih Uthaymin and Tabarruk…shirk?”

“Seeking Blessings through the Messenger of Allah”

Shaykh Salih al-`Uthaymin (Allah have mercy on him)

***

Imam Ahmad b. Hanbal is reported to have said when asked by his son `Abd Allah regarding wiping the platform on which the noble feet of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and grant him peace) touched:

 [3243]سألته عن الرجل يمس منبر النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ويتبرك بمسه ويقبّله ويفعل بالقبر مثل ذلك أو نحو هذا يريد بذلك التقرب إلى الله جل وعز، وقال: لا بأس بذلك ا.هـ

“I asked my father about a man who touches the minbar of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) and seeks blessings through touching it or he kisses it and does other actions like that at his grave and does all this in order to get closer to Allah (Mighty and Majestic). He replied: ‘there is nothing wrong in doing that’…”[1]

Shaykh Salih al-`Uthaymin (Allah have mercy on him) commented on the notion of tabarruk (‘seeking blessings’) through the athar (‘relics’) of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and grant him peace):

القسم الأول: أن يراد بهذا النفث التبرك بريق النافث فهذا لا شك أنه حرام ونوع من الشرك، لأن ريق الإنسان ليس سبباً للبركة والشفاء ولا أحد يتبرك بآثاره إلا محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم أما غيره فلا يتبرك بآثاره فالنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يتبرك بآثاره في حياته وكذلك بعد مماته إذا بقيت تلك الآثار كما كان عند أم سلمة رضي الله عنها جلجل من فضة فيه شعرات من شعر النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يستشفي بها المرضى فإذا جاء مريض صبت على هذه الشعرات ماء ثم حركته ثم أعطته الماء، لكن غير النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لايجوز لأحد أن يتبرك بريقه، أو بعرقه، أو بثوبه، أو بغير ذلك، بل هذا حرام ونوع من الشرك

“[…] and no-one’s relics can be used to get blessings except that of Muhammad’s (Allah bless him and give him peace). Anyone else and it is not allowed to seek blessings through their relics. It is allowed to get blessings from the relics of the Prophet Muhammad during his life and even after he has passed away if those relics have survived as in what Umm Salama used to do where she had a silver container with some hairs of the Prophet and people who were ill used to use them to get better. If a sick person came, she would put the hairs in water and stir it and then give it to the person. In the case of anyone other than the Prophet, it is not allowed to seek blessings whether through their saliva, sweat or garment. It would not be allowed and will be considered a kind of shirk…”[2]

Notes:

  1. The Messenger of Allah can be sought for blessings.
  2. The Sahaba used the relics of the Messenger of Allah.
  3. Seeking closeness to Allah through the noble relics of the Messenger of Allah is permissible.
  4. Imam Ahmad found no objection to a person kissing the minbar of the Messenger of Allah.
  5. Seeking tabarruk through the Messenger of Allah is not an act of idolatry (shirk).

 

And with Allah is all tawfiq.

s.z.c.


[1] See Abu `Abd Allah Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Hanbal, al-`Ilal wa Ma`rifat al-Rijal, vol.4, p.492 (#3243).

[2] See Shaykh Salih al-`Uthaymin, Majmu` al-Fatawa, vol.1, p.212 (= 2:107).

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