Q & A

Q & A visiting the Prophet’s grave in Medina

Q & A

Q. Someone told going to the Prophet’s grave is not allowed. Is visiting the Prophet’s grave allowed in Islam?

A.

There is no disagreement in visiting the grave of the Prophet (SAW). The great Shafi`ite jurist and Master of hadith, Imam al-Nawawi wrote in his book al-Adhkar a brief tool-kit on what to do when visiting the Prophet (SAW). Below is a translation of the section:

 

 Arabic:

فصل‏:

‏ في زيارة قبر رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وسلم) وأذكارها‏.‏

اعلم أنه ينبغي لكل من حج أن يتوجه إلى زيارة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، سواء كان ذلك طريقه أو لم يكن، فإن زيارته (صلى الله عليه وسلم) من أهم القربات وأربح المساعي وأفضل الطلبات، فإذا توجه للزيارة أكثر من الصلاة عليه (صلى الله عليه وسلم) في طريقه، فإذا وقعَ بصره على أشجار المدينة وحَرمِها وما يَعرف بها زاد من الصلاة والتسليم عليه (صلى الله عليه وسلم)، وسألَ الله تعالى أن ينفعَه بزيارته (صلى الله عليه وسلم)، وأن يُسعدَه بها في الدارين،وليقل‏:

اللَّهُمَّ افْتَح عَليَّ أبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ وَارْزُقْنِي في زِيارَةِ قَبْرِ نَبِيِّكَ (صلى الله عليه وسلم) ما رزقْتَهُ أولِياءَكَ وأهْلَ طَاعَتِكَواغْفِرْ لي وارْحمنِي يا خَيْرَ مَسْؤُول‏.‏

 وإذا أراد دخول المسجد استحبّ أن يقولَ ما يقوله عند دخول باقي المساجد، وقد قدّمناه في أول الكتاب، فإذا صلّى تحية المسجد أتى القبر الكريم فاستقبله واستدبر القبلة على نحو أربع أذرع من جدار القبر،وسلم مقتصداً لا يرفع صوته، فيقول‏:

‏‏السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يا رَسُولَ الله‏!‏ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يا خِيرَةَ الله مِنْ خَلقه‏!‏ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حَبِيبَ اللهِ‏!‏ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا سَيِّدِ المُرْسَلِينَ وَخَاتَمَ النَّبِيِّينَ‏!‏ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ وَعلى آلِكَ وأصْحابِكَ وأهْلِ بَيْتِكَ وَعَلى النَّبيِّينَ وَسائِرِ الصَّالِحِينَ؛ أشْهَدُ أنَّكَ بَلَّغْتَ الرِّسالَةَ، وأدَّيْتَ الأمانَةَ، وَنَصَحْتَ الأُمَّةَ، فَجَزَاكَ اللَّهُ عَنَّا أفْضَلَ مَا جَزَى رَسُولاً عَنْ أُمَّتِهِ

 وإن كان قد أوصاه أحدٌ بالسَّلام على رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وسلم) قال‏:‏ السَّلام عليك يا رسولَ الله من فلان بن فلان‏!‏ ثم يتأخرَ قدر ذراع إلى جهة يمينه فيُسلم على أبي بكر، ثم يتأخرُ ذراعاً آخرَ للسلام على عُمر (رضي الله عنهما)، ثم يرجعُ إلى موقفه الأوّل قُبالة وجهِ رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وسلم) فيتوسلُ به في حقّ نفسه، ويتشفعُ به إلى ربه سبحانه وتعالى، ويدعو لنفسه ولوالديه وأصحابه وأحبابه ومَن أحسنَ إليه وسائر المسلمين، وأن يَجتهدَ في إكثار الدعاء، ويغتنم هذا الموقف الشريف ويحمد الله تعالى ويُسبحه ويكبره ويُهلله ويُصلي على رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وسلم) ويُكثر من كل ذلك، ثم يأتي الروضةَ بين القبر والمنبر، فيُكثر من الدعاء فيها‏.‏

فقد روينا في صحيحي البخاري ومسلم، عن أبي هريرة (رضي الله عنه)، عن رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وسلم) قال‏:‏ ‏ما بَيْنَ قبري وَمِنْبَرِي رَوْضَةٌ مِنْ رِياضِ الجَنَّةِ‏”‏‏.‏

وإذا أراد الخروج من المدينة والسفرَ استحبّ أن يُودِّع المسجد بركعتين، ويدعو بما أحبّ، ثم يأتي القبر فيُسلم كما سلم أولاً، ويُعيد الدعاء،ويُودّع النبيّ (صلى الله عليه وسلم( و يقول‏: ‏اللَّهُمَّ لا تَجْعَلْ هَذَا آخِرَ العَهْدِ بِحَرَمِ رَسُولِكَ، وَيَسِّرْ لي العَوْدَ إِلى الحَرَمَيْنِ سَبِيلاً سَهْلَةً بِمَنِّكَ وَفَضْلِكَ، وَارْزقْنِي العَفْوَ والعَافِيةَ في الدُّنْيا والآخِرَةِ، وَرُدَّنا سالِمِينَ غانِمِينَ إلى أوْطانِنا آمِنِينَ. 

فهذا آخرُ ما وفّقني الله بجمعه من أذكار الحجّ‏.‏ وهي وإن كان فيها بعض الطول بالنسبة إلى هذا الكتاب فهي مختصرة بالنسبة إلى ما نحفظه فيه، والله الكريم نسأل أن يوفِّقنا لطاعته، وأن يجمعَ بيننا وبين إخواننا في دار كرامته‏.‏

English:

“Section: Visiting of the grave of the prophet of Allah and its Adhkar.

Know that it is imperative for anyone doing Hajj to make an intention to visit the Messenger of Allah (SAW) regardless of whether it is on his way or not. Visiting him (SAW) is one of the most important acts of drawing near to Allah, the most profitable of endeavors and the best of devotions. So, when one directs himself for the visit, he should make abundant the prayer upon the [the Prophet] while on his way.  When his gaze falls upon the trees of Medina and its holy sanctuary and that which [Medina] is recognized by, he should increase his greetings and blessings on [the Prophet] and ask Allah (Most High) to benefit him by the visit to him (SAW) as well as to grant him felicity in both worlds saying: ‘Oh Allah, open the doors of Your mercy for me and grant me by the visit to Your Prophet what You have granted Your friends (awliya’aka) and those obedient to You and forgive me and have mercy on me, oh You who are the best of those who are asked!’

When one wants to enter the Mosque, it is mustahabb to say what is said on entering other Mosques and we have already mentioned that in the first part of the book. When one has performed the Prayer of greeting the Mosque (tahiyyat al-masjid), he should approach the noble grave and face towards it with his back to the Qiblah standing about four cubits away (arba`ah adhru`) from the wall of the grave. He should make salutations without raising his voice saying: 

Peace be upon you oh Messenger of Allah!

Peace be upon you, oh best of the creation of Allah!

Peace be upon you oh beloved of Allah!

Peace be upon you master of the Messengers and the seal of the Prophets!

Peace be upon you, on your family, your companions and on your household, on the Prophets and on all the Righteous

I bear witness that you have conveyed the message and that you have fulfilled the trust and that you have counseled [and advised] the Ummah.  May Allah give you a reward that is better than what He has given a prophet on behalf of his Ummah.’

And if anyone has desires to convey greetings upon the Messenger of Allah (SAW) he should say: ‘Peace be upon you, oh Messenger of Allah, from so and so.’ Then he should go back about one cubit to the right and greet Abu Bakr. Then he should step another cubit to the right and greet `Umar b. al-Khattab. Thereafter, he should go back to the first place he stood at and face the Messenger of Allah (SAW) and should intercede through him for himself and intercede to his Lord (Glory and Exalted is He!) through him and supplicate for himself, his parents, his companions, his beloved and those who have done good to him and for all Muslims.

He should also exert his utmost in increasing the du`a’. He should take advantage of this noble place and praise Allah (Most High!), magnify Him, and say ‘There is no god besides Allah’ and send blessings on the Messenger of Allah (SAW) and do plenty of all this. Then one should go to the rawda which is between the grave and the pulpit [of the prophet] and make plenty the du`a’.

We relate from the Sahihs of al-Bukhari and Muslim from Abu Hurayrah (RA) from the Messenger of Allah (SAW) who said: “What is between my grave and my pulpit is a garden of the gardens of Paradise”.[1]

When one desires to leave Medinaand travel, it is desirable that he bid farewell to the Mosque with two rak`ah prayer. He should with whatever he wishes.  then go to the grave and greet as he greeted the first time. He should supplicate and bid farewell to the Prophet (SAW) and say:

‘Oh Allah, do not make this the last time for me to visit the sanctuary of Your Messenger (SAW) and facilitate an easy way for me to return to Your Two Holy Sanctuaries by Your grace and kindness. Grant me forgiveness and pardon in this world and the Hereafter and return us safely and successfully to our lands.’ 

These are the last of the du`as of Hajj that Allah has given us the ability to put together. Even though it is long in comparison to the book, it is relatively short in comparison to what we have memorized. Allah is the Most Generous and we ask [Him] to grant us the ability to obey Him and to unite us with our brothers in the abode of His honor.”[2] End

***

Indeed, visiting the Messenger is one of the means through which one can augment and strengthen the love and devotion one has for the Prophet (SAW). We ask Allah to enable us to visit him and obtain the blessings therein! Amin!

 

s.z.c.


 


 

[1] Narrated by Bukhari in his Sahih (no. 1196) and Muslim in his Sahih (no. 1391).

[2] See al-Nawawi, al-Adhkar, pp.341-344.

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