MOD Q & A / Q & A

Q & A the mu`awwidhatayn

Q & A

Q. There’s a lot of black magic in my culture I’m scared sometimes when my mum says she wants to go back home. How do I deal with this?

A.

The scholars say that the recitation of “the Two Quls” (i.e. al-Falaq and al-Nas)[1] known as the mu`awwidhatayn are extremely beneficial in warding off evil and any black magic. One should make it a habit to recite both suras before going to bed at night – especially after the fard prayer. The virtues and excellences of both suras are numerous and below is just some of what is collated in the Tafsir of Imam Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti:[2]

1. Narration:

Arabic:

وأخرج مسلم والترمذي والنسائي وابن الضريس وابن الأنباري في المصاحف وابن مردويه عن عقبة بن عامر قال: قال رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وسلم): أنزلت علي الليلة آيات لم أر مثلهن قط (قل أعوذ برب الفلق) و (قل أعوذ برب الناس).

English:

Muslim, al-Tirmidhi, al-Nasa’i, Ibn al-Daris, Ibn al-Anbari in the Masahif as well as Ibn Mirdawayh recorded on the authority of `Uqbah bin `Amir that the Messenger of Allah said: There have been verses revealed to me tonight the like of which has not been seen before. [They are]: (I seek refuge with the Lord of Al-Falaq) and (I seek refuge with the Lord of mankind).

2. Narration:

Arabic:

وأخرج ابن أ بي شيبة وابن مردويه عن عقبة بن عامر قال: قال رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وسلم): ما سأل سائل ولا استعاذ مستعيذ بمثلهما يعني المعوذتين.

English:

Ibn Abi Shaybah and Ibn Mirdawayh relate from `Uqbah b. `Amir who said: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: No person beseeches and no person seeks refuge except with these two [suras], i.e. the mu`awwidhatayn.

Narration 3:

Arabic:

وأخرج ابن أبي شيبة وابن الضريس عن عقبة بن عامر الجهني قال: كنت مع رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وسلم) في سفر فلما طلع الفجر أذن وأقام ثم أقامني عن يمينه ثم قرأ بالمعوذتين، فلما انصرف قال: كيف رأيت؟ قلت: قد رأيت يا رسول الله. قال: فاقرأ بهما كلما نمت وكلما قمت.

English

Ibn Abi Shaybah and Ibn Mirdawayh related `Uqbah bin `Amir al-Juhani that he said: I was with the Messenger of Allah on a journey. When dawn came, the call was given to begin the prayer and the Messenger of Allah went forward [to lead the people] and made me stand on his right. He began to recite the mu`awwidhatayn and when he turned to [make the two salams] he asked: What did you see [O `Uqbah]? I replied: I have seen, Messenger of Allah. [The Prophet then] said: Recite both whenever you go to sleep and whenever you get up.

Narration 4:

 

Arabic:

وأخرج ابن الأنباري عن عائشة أن رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وسلم) كان إذا اشتكى قرأ على نفسه المعوذتين وتفل أو نفث.

English:

            Ibn al-Anbari relates from `A’ishah [RA] that whenever the Messenger of Allah suffered from an ailment, he would recite the Mu`awwidhatayn over himself and blow [over himself].

            One may also recite the Fatihah (the 1st surah of the Qur’an) or the Ayat al-Kursi in order for protection. Imam Malik records a du`a’ taught by the Angel Jibril (AS) where he said: 

وحدثني عن مالك عن يحيى بن سعيد أنه قال: أسري برسول الله (صلى الله عليه و سلم) فرأى عفريتا من الجن يطلبه بشعلة من نار كلما التفت رسول الله (صلى الله عليه و سلم) رآه فقال له جبريل أفلا أعلمك كلمات تقولهن إذا قلتهن طفئت شعلته وخر لفيه فقال رسول الله )صلى الله عليه و سلم( بلى: فقال جبريل: فقل: أعوذ بوجه الله الكريم وبكلمات الله التامات اللاتي لا يجاوزهن بر ولا فاجر من شر ما ينزل من السماء وشر ما يعرج فيها وشر ما ذرأ في الأرض وشر ما يخرج منها ومن فتن الليل والنهار ومن طوارق الليل والنهار إلا طارقا يطرق بخير يا رحمن.

A`udhu bi wajhillah al-karim wa bi kalimatillah at-tammati allati la yujawizuhunna barrun wa la fajir min sharr ma yanzilu min al-sama’ wa sharrun ma ya`ruju fiha wa sharrun ma dhara’a fi ’l-ard wa sharrun ma yakhruju minha wa min fitan al-layl wa ’l-nahar wa min tawariq al-layl wa ’l-nahar illa tariq yatruqu bi-khayr ya Rahman!

“I seek refuge in Allah the Generous with the perfect words of Allah which no man, virtuous or evil, can even transcend. And [I seek refuge in Allah] from all the evil that descends from and ascends to the heavens and the evil that is dispersed over the earth and the evil that comes out from it and [I seek refuge from Allah] in the tribulations of the night and day and calamities of the night and day except for the calamities that come with a good of Most Merciful!”[3]

Another means of removing and preventing harm is to consume the `ajwah dates as mentioned in the authentic narration by Bukhari:

Arabic:

حَدَّثَنا جُمْعَةُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ حَدَّثَنَا مَرْوَانُ أَخْبَرَنَا هَاشِمُ بْنُ هَاشِمٍ أَخْبَرَنَا عَامِرُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ): مَنْ تَصَبَّحَ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ سَبْعَ تَمَرَاتٍ عَجْوَةً لَمْ يَضُرَّهُ فِي ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ سُمٌّ وَلَا سِحْرٌ.

English:

            Jum`ah b. `Abd Allah related to us that: Marwan related to us that: Hashim b. Hashim reported to us that: `Amir b. Sa`d informed us from his father who said: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: He who eats seven`ajwah dates every morning, will not be affected by poison or magic on the day he eats them.[4]

            If you feel that going back is utterly unbearable due to the fear and dread of these evils, then it may be best to speak to your mother in the best possible way and convince her to either cancel your trip or to delay it until you regain some confidence.

And with Allah alone is all success.           


[1] Suras 113 and 114 respectively.

[2] See al-Suyuti, al-Durr al-Manthur, vol.6, under surah 113.

[3] See Malik, al-Muwatta, vol.2, p.541, hadith no.2737.

[4] Narrated by Bukhari in his Sahih, hadith no.5130.

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