MOD Q & A / Q & A

Q & A music and clubbing

Q & A

Q. I was born in theukand like music a lot. Is it wrong to go clubbing. even though I do not drink.


If it is music you like, then there is a genuine legal difference (ikhtilaf) between scholars (al-fuqaha’) as to whether it is legally permitted or not. Hence, you should take the Islamic ruling (hukm al-shar`i) from a person of knowledge you trust. This does not mean however, that any and every song becomes permitted. There are conditions of: 1. Subject matter and 2. Lyrics (i.e. the contents of the song) and hence misogynist music such as rap with its filthy and degrading lyrics, or pop songs with their raunchy and enticing videos are NOT permitted forms of music songs to listen to. These two categories of music are the most popular and prevalent being blasted in shops, restaurants, markets and universities/colleges, etc.

A sizeable number of modern scholars in following some of the classical scholars do consider music in general impermissible (haram) quoting a number of evidences of harmful effects to support their position. These do not constitute the reason or basis (`illah) for which the hukm is given but the wisdom and benefits (hikam aw fa’idah) of the hukm:

1. The voice of woman can when used to entice and excite to arouse men (or anyone listening) and this is not allowed and vice versa. A discussion is given by Ibn `Abidin in his Hashiyat as follows:


“… and al-Burhan al-Halabi mentioned the same in the Sharh al-Munya al-Kabir and likewise in al-Imdad. And then he transmits from the writing of the `Allamah al-Maqdisi that Imam Abu ’l-`Abbas al-Qurtubi mentioned in his book on listening without assuming any sagacity on his part that if we hold the voice of a woman to be `awrah, then what we mean by that is her speaking and that is not correct for we say it is permitted to speak with women who are of marriageable type (al-ajanib)  as well as to converse with them if there is a need and the like but we do not permit them to raise their voices, lengthen it, soften it, and make it heart-rending because all that draws men and [makes men desire them] agitating their desires…”[1]


قوله ( وصوتها ) معطوف على المستثنى يعني أنه ليس بعورة ح قوله ( على الراجح ) عبارة البحر عن الحلية أنه الأشبه وفي النهر وهو الذي ينبغي اعتماده ومقابله ما في النوال نغمة المرأة عورة وتعلمها القرآن من المرأة أحب
قال عليه الصلاة والسلام التسبيح للرجال والتصفيق للنساء فلا يحسن أن يسمعها الرجل ا ه
 وفي الكافي ولا تلبي جهرا لأن صوتها عورة ومشى عليه في المحيط في باب الأذان بحر قال في الفتح وعلى هذا لو قيل إذا جهرت بالقراءة في الصلاة فسدت كان متجها ولهذا منعها عليه الصلاة والسلام من التسبيح بالصوت لإعلام الإمام بسهوه إلى التصفيق ا ه وأقره البرهان الحلبي في شرح المنية الكبير وكذا في الإمداد ثم نقل عن خط العلامة المقدسي ذكر الإمام أبو العباس القرطبي في كتابه في السماع ولا يظن من لا فطنة عنده أنا إذا قلنا صوت المرأة عورة أنا نريد بذلك كلامها لأن ذلك ليس بصحيح فإنا نجيز الكلام مع النساء للأجانب ومحاورتهن عند الحاجة إلى ذلك ولا نجيز لهن رفع أصواتهن ولا تمطيطها ولا تليينها وتقطيعها لما في ذلك من استمالة الرجال إليهن وتحريك الشهوات منهم ومن هذا لم يجز أن تؤذن المرأة ا ه قلت ويشير إلى هذا تعبير النوازل بالنغمة


In response to the second part of the question, to go clubbing is unlawful (haram) in the first place so whether one goes there and displays a minimal sense of regard for the hukm of Allah to not drink alcohol (khamr) will be of no consequence.                                                                                             

Any place that seeks to bring men and women together for the sole purpose of sensual and illicit behaviour and contact is absolutely not allowed and cannot be a legal and lawful basis for the opposite sex to meet together as they would for say financial, educational or social matters such as buying and selling, teaching or community work respectively.

For the details of the rulings (ahkam) related to relations with the opposite sex as well as the Islamic Social System in general, please see the books of Islamic law (fiqh) and a scholar who can take you through it.

And with Allah is all success.


[1] See Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar, 1:406.


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