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Q & A Fajr Prayer

Q & A

Q. What adive [sic] would you give to people that wana start praying Fajer example what kinda reward would you get out of it…?

A.

Becoming serious about one’s prayer (salah) is always an encouraging sign and the strong desire to wake up, break one’s sleep; to tear away from the bed purely for the sake of Allah (SWT) is hugely rewardable. The Prophet (SAW) mentions in some narrations (ahadith) regarding the virtues of the early dawn prayer (salat al-fajr):

1. Narrated Abu Hurayrah (RA): Allah’s Apostle said: “Angels come to you in succession by night and day and all of them get together at the time of the Fajr and `Asr prayers. Those who have passed the night with you [or stayed with you] ascend [to the Heaven] and Allah asks them, though He knows everything about you, well, “In what state did you leave my slaves?” The angels reply: “When we left them they were praying and when we reached them, they were praying.”[1]

2. `Uthman b. `Affan (RA) related: I heard Allah’s Messenger (SAW) say: “He who prays `Isha’ in jama`ah (i.e. in congregation) it is as if he has prayed for half the night. As to him who [also] prays Fajr in congregation, it is as if he has prayed all night (nisf al-layl).”[2]

3. Narrated Abu Bakr b. Abi Musa: My father said, “Allah’s Apostle said, ‘Whoever prays the two cool prayers (i.e. `Asr and Fajr) will go to Paradise (man salla al-bardayn dakhala al-jannah).’[3]

4. From Abu Hurayrah (RA) who said: The Prophet (SAW) said: “Shaytan ties three knots on the crown of any one of you (qafiyat ra’sihi ahadikum) in your sleep. He says upon each knot that he ties: ‘You have a long night before you, therefore sleep’. But if you wake up and mention Allah (Most Exalted) in remembrance one knot will be untied. If you then make ablution another knot will be undone. If you then proceed to pray the last knot will be disentangled. Thus, you will feel in the morning energetic and in good spirits. Otherwise you will feel in a despicable state, lazy”.[4]

5. From Anas b. Malik (RA) who said:  The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said:  “Whoever prays the morning prayer in congregation then sits remembering Allah until the sun rises, then prays two units of prayer has the reward like that of Hajj and `Umrah.”  He said, “Allah’s Messenger (SAW), said: “Complete, complete, complete.”[5]

6. From Abu Umamah who said:  Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said: “Whoever prays the morning prayer in congregation then sits remembering Allah until he sun rises, then stands up and prays two rak`ah of prayer, returns with the reward of Hajj and `Umrah.”[6] 

7. From `Usrah who said, I heard the Mother of the believers, meaning `A’ishah [RA] say:  I heard Allah’s Messenger (SAW) say: “Whoever prays Fajr (or he said alghadat), then sits in his place and does not speak idly with something from matters of this world and remembers Allah until he prays four rak`ahs of Duha, he will leave his sins like the day his mother bore him, without any sin.”[7]

8. From Sammak that he asked Jabir b. Samurah:  What did the Messenger (SAW) do when he prayed the Subh prayer (i.e. the Morning Prayer)?  He replied:  He used to sit in the musalla[8] after he prayed the Subh prayer until the Sun rises.[9] 

9. From Sahl b. Mu`adh b. Anas al-Juhani from his father that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Whoever sits in his prayer area (musalla) after he completes the Subh prayer until he prays two rak`ah of the Duha prayer [and] does not say except what is good, his sins will be forgiven even if they are more than the foam of the sea.”[10]

10. From Ibn Mas`ud (RA) that he said: The case of a man who slept all the night up to sunrise [without waking up for Fajr] was related to the Prophet (SAW) whereupon he said: “That was a man in whose ear Shaytan has urinated”, or he said “in both his ears”.[11]

Some points to note from the above are:

  1. Angels gather around the time of Fajr and bring the news back to Allah when one is praying at that time. Hence it is a blessed moment.
  2. Praying the Fajr prayer holds the reward of one who engages in worship throughout the night.
  3. The Prophet made its prayer (indeed like all prayers) conditional upon enteringParadiseand hence its link toParadiseindicates the meritorious and extremely important rank the prayer has.
  4. The Fajr prayer wards off the evil and intricate workings of Shaytan who seeks to tie a person up from worshipping Allah especially from the dawn Prayer.
  5. Praying Fajr and then doing remembrance of Allah (dhikr) brings the immense reward of a Hajj and `Umrah.
  6. The Fajr prayer is means of having the sins of the night before forgiven and pardoned.
  7. The Fajr Prayer is a real test of iman (belief) as the Prophet (SAW) mentioned it is an acid test to those who are real and committed worshippers from those who give mere lip service (al-munafiqun).[12]

 

We ask Allah to make of those who regularly wake for Fajr and pray in congregation. Amin!

  

s.z.c.

 


[1] See Bukhari, Sahih, vol.1, book 10, no. 530 (English translation) and Arabic no. 554 as well as Muslim, Sahih, no. 632.

[2] Narrated by Muslim in his Sahih, no. 656.

[3] See Bukhari, Sahih, vol.1, book 10, no. 548 (English translation) and Arabic no. 574.

[4] Narrated by Muslim in the Sahih, no. 776.

[5] Narrated by Tirmidhi in his Sunan, vol.2, p.586. al-Albani declared it hasan in his: Sahih al-Tirmidhi (no. 591); al-Ta`liq al-Raghib (no. 164-165); Sahih al-Targhib, vol.1, p.46 and sahih in his Sahih al-Jami` (no. 6346).

[6] Narrated by al-Tabarani with a good isnad (i.e. chain of transmission) according to al-Haythami in Majma` al-Zawa’id, vol.10, pp.104-105. Al-albani declared it hasan in his Sahih al-Targhib, vol.1, pp.464 and 466.

[7] As mentioned by al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani in al-Matalib al-`Aliyyah bi-Zawa’id al-Masanid al-Thamaniyyah, vol.3, p.3394;

[8] Which is the place of prayer.

[9] See al-Nawawi, Sharh Sahih Muslim, vol.5, p.171.

[10] Narrated by Abu Dawud in his Sunan, vol.2, p.1287.

[11] Narrated by Muslim in his Sahih, no. 774. Cf. Imam Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani’s discussion in Fath al-Bari Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari, vol.3, p.28 and passim.

[12] Cf. the hadith in Bukhari, Sahih, no. 563.

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