Ibn Taymiyyah / Islamic Law

Imam Ibn Taymiyya and the Sunna

Ibn Taymiyya on the Sunna

  • Imam Ibn Taymiyya succinctly summarises the revelatory status and the Divine origin of the Prophet’s sunna

وان جهة حرمه الله ورسوله جهة واحدة فمن اذى الرسول فقد اذى الله ومن اطاعه فقد اطاع الله لان الامة لا يصلون ما بينهم وبين ربهم الا بواسطة الرسول ليس لاحد منهم طريق غيره ولا سبب سواه وقد اقامه الله مقام نفسه في امره ونهيه واخباره وبيانه فلا يجوز ان يفرق بين الله ورسوله في شئ من هذه الامور

Translation:

“The sanctity of Allah Most High and His Messenger is the same. Whoever hurts or harms the Messenger has hurt Allah and whoever obeys him has obeyed Allah because the Ummah cannot reach their Lord without the medium of the Messenger and there is no other medium available for anyone and no other means except through him. Allah has established [the Messenger] on equal footing in commands and prohibitions, reports and explanations as Himself and so it is not permitted to differentiate between Allah and His Messenger in any of these matters…”[1]

Notes

  • It is a religious obligation to follow the Messenger of Allah.[2]
  • The Sunna is a proof in and of itself and a source of law.[3]
  • Many Qur’anic verses establish the hujjiyya (‘proof-text’) of Sunna such as: Q. 59:7 (to take what the Prophet has brought and to leave what he has forbidden); 4:58-59 (to obey Allah and the Prophet); 4:80 (to refer to Allah and the Prophet in all matters); 33:36 (no choice in following Allah and His Prophet) and 4:65 (to judge all disputes with what Allah and His Prophet have brought).[4]
  • Therefore, when seeking Islamic rulings (hukm, pl. ahkam), one may not abandon the sunna as a source.

And Allah knows best.


[1] Ibn Taymiyya, al-Sarim al-Maslul, p.14 and see Dr. Tahirul Qadiri, Hukm al-Shar`i, vol.1, p.81.

[2] Kamali, Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence, p.63f.

[3] Ibid, pp.64-65.

[4] Ibid, pp.64-65.

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