Ramadan

Ramadan Reminder 2

RAMADAN REMINDER

 Some Great Virtues of Ramadan:

 From Salman al-Farisi (ra): “The Messenger of Allah (saw) addressed his companions on the last day of Sha`ban, saying: ‘Oh people! A great month has come over you; a blessed month; a month in which is a night better than a thousand months; a month in which Allah has made it compulsory upon you to fast by day, and voluntary to pray by night. Whoever draws nearer (to Allah) by performing any of the (optional) good deeds in (this month) shall receive the same reward as performing an obligatory deed at any other time, and whoever discharges an obligatory deed in (this month) shall receive the reward of performing seventy obligations at any other time. It is the month of patience, and the reward of patience is Paradise. It is the month of charity, and a month in which a believer’s sustenance is increased. Whoever gives food to a fasting person to break his fast, shall have his sins forgiven, and he will be saved from the Fire of Hell, and he shall have the same reward as the fasting person, without his reward being diminished at all’.”[1] 

ثنا علي بن حجر السعدي ثنا يوسف بن زياد ثنا همام بن يحيى عن علي بن زيد بن جدعان عن سعيد بن المسيب عن سلمان قال (صـ):

خطبنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم في آخر يوم من شعبان فقال : أيها الناس قد أظلكم شهر عظيم، شهر مبارك: شهر فيه ليلة خير من ألف شهر: جعل الله صيامه فريضة و قيام ليله تطوعا، من تقرب فيه بخصلة من الخير كان كمن أدى فريضة فيما سواه، و من أدى فيه فريضة كان كمن أدى سبعين فريضة فيما سواه: وهو شهر الصبر و الصبر ثوابه الجنة، و شهر المواساة و شهر يزداد فيه رزق المؤمن، من فطر فيه صائما كان مغفرة لذنوبه و عتق رقبته من النار، و كان له مثل أجره منغير أن ينتقص من أجره شيء .

This noble hadith sums up a catalogue of virtues (fada’il) given to the Blessed month of Ramadan which are:

  1. An immensely blessed month.
  2. A month in which there is a night better than a thousand months (= laylat al-qadr).[2]
  3. An optional deed is rewarded as if an obligation were performed.
  4. An obligation performed in this month is rewarded 70 times.
  5. Patience is rewarded with Patience.
  6. A month of charity.
  7. A month where sustenance (rizq) is increased.
  8. Feeding the poor is a means of freeing one’s self from the Hellfire.[3]

 Often however, the discussions and talks about this unparalleled month stop here. It stops with the excellences/virtues (fada’il) as well as some of the legal discussions pertaining to it. Our preachers and Imams do no more than this. Although all this is no doubt necessary, there is a more important lesson to reflect on as well…

 An Important Lesson to Consider:

The month of Ramadan is the month of heavenly revelation.[4] “In the Musnad from Wathila b. al-Asqa` from the Prophet (saw) that he said: ‘The pages of Ibrahim were revealed on the first night of Ramadan, the Torah was revealed in the 6th night of Ramadan, the Bible was revealed in the thirteenth night of Ramadan and the Holy Qur’an was revealed on the twenty-fourth night of Ramadan’…”[5]

وفي المسند عن واثلة بن الأسقع عن النبي: أنه قال: (نزلت صحف إبراهيم في أول ليلة من شهر رمضان، وأنزت التوراة لست مضين من رمضان، وأنزل الإنجيل لثلاث عشرة من رمضان، وأنزل القرآن لأربع وعشرين خلت من رمضان 

 Allah (swt) clearly states the Qur’an being revealed in the Month of Ramadan: Allah says: {The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the Criterion [of right and wrong]. And whosoever of you is present, let him fast the month…}.[6]

Allah (swt) also mentions the purpose of revealing the Holy Qur’an in many verses three of which are:

 [1] {Indeed, we have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], the Book in truth so you may rule between the people by that which Allah has shown you}.[7]

[2] {Indeed We sent Our Noble Messengers with proofs, and sent down the Book and the Balance of Justice along with them, so that people may stay upon justice}.[8] 

[3] {ALIF-LAAM-RAA’. This is a Book we have revealed to you [O Prophet], in order that you may lead mankind out of darkness into the light by the permission of their Lord and guide them to the Straight Path}.[9]

Thus, from these verses, it is clear that the objective of the Qur’an being revealed is to be implemented which means to be applied practically in life’s affairs.

Today, we recite the Qur’an in-between and after our daily prayers, we recite it in our congregational tarawih prayers, we recite it at home and we give time in order to learn to read it but are we seriously seeking to implement it in all aspects of our lives? The character of the Prophet (saw) as mentioned by the Mother of the Believers `A’isha (ra) was like that of the Qur’an.[10] How is ours? It has become a reality that the Qur’an although connected to us emotionally and personally, has nevertheless failed to be actualised in all areas affecting our lives; whether that is domestic, social, political, economical, legal and devotional. In other words, the Qur’an is not implemented.

This was the problem that affected the earlier faiths of Judaism and Christianity. The Companion Ziyad ibn Labid (ra) came to the Messenger of Allah (swt) and heard him say: ‘It will happen that knowledge will be no more.’ I said: Allah’s Messenger, how will knowledge vanish despite the fact that we will be reciting the Qur’an and teaching its recitation to our children and our children will teach its recitation to their children up to the Day of Resurrection? Thereupon he (the Messenger of Allah) said: ‘Ziyad, may your mother weep over you. I was of the opinion that you were one of those who have greatest understanding of religion in Medina. Do these Jews and Christians not recite the Torah and the Bible but not act according to anything that is contained in them?’ [11] 

ذاك عند أوان ذهاب العلم قلت يا رسول الله :كيف يذهب العلم ونحن نقرأ القرآن ونقرئه أبناءنا ويقرئه أبناؤنا أبناءهم إلى يوم القيامة ؟ قال : ثكلتك أمك يا زياد : إن كنت لأراك من أفقه رجل بالمدينة أو ليس هذه اليهود والنصارى يقرأون التوراة والإنجيل لا يعملون بشيء منهما؟

            Today, our rulers in the Muslim world have become like those religious nations of the past who recognise the truth of the Qur’an and accept it but do not implement it. They are following in the footsteps of those whom the Prophet chastised in the hadith mentioned above. They believe in it and know its laws but do not practically apply it on state level. Thus, we hear the beautiful recitation of the Qur’an in the Haram Sharif in Saudi Arabia but yet still not all aspects of the Shari`a are implemented there. We hear the adhan (‘call to prayer’) in many of cities but yet there is no enforcement of the salah. We see the millions who are poor in our countries and yet there is no wide-scale distribution of zakat. We see the occupation of al-Quds, Iraq and Afghanistan and yet still there is no army to liberate those lands. And the list goes on.

            This Qur’an that was revealed in this blessed month of Ramadan is no-where implemented in its entirety and in the way it must be implemented, the way desired by Allah (swt) and shown by His beloved (saw). The only means or entity that allows the entire laws of Islam to be implemented is the Khilafah (‘The Caliphate’). It is this work to re-establish the Khilafah that will enable the Qur’an to be practically implemented and the Sunna of the Messenger of Allah to be practically implemented – and it is to this work that all must turn.

We ask Allah for strength and guidance.

Peace and blessing of Allah be upon our Master Muhammad, his family and Companions. 

S. Z. C.


[1] Ibn Khuzaymah, Sahih, 3:191-192 (#1887).

[2] Ibn Rajab, Lata’if al-Ma`arif, pp.270-281.

[3] Ibn Rajab, Lata’if al-Ma`arif, p.209.

[4] Ibn Rajab, Lata’if al-Ma`arif, p.235.

[5] Ibn Rajab, Lata’if al-Ma`arif, p.235. The hadith is hasan (’good’). cf. al-Haythami, Majma` al-Zawa’id, 1:202 and 7:140.

[6] See surat al-Baqara:185.

[7] See surat al-Nisa’:105.

[8] See surat al-Hadid:25.

[9] See surat Ibrahim:1.

[10] Bukhari, Adab al-Mufrad (#234).

[11] The wording is from Imam al-Qurtubi’s Kitab al-Tadhkira, p.650 and the narration’s isnad is hasan (‘good’) according to al-Haythami in his Majma` al-Zawa’id, 1:206.

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