Notes on the
Munabbih al-Munya bi-Wusul al-Habib ila ’l-`Arsh wa ’l-Ru’ya[i]
by Imam A`la Hazrat Ahmed Reza Khan Berelwi (ra)
Some narrations (ahadith) that mention our Beloved Prophet’s ru’ya (‘seeing’) of Allah (swt):
- Imam Ahmad states a narration from Ibn `Abbas (ra) that the Prophet (saw) said: “Indeed, I saw my Lord (Mighty and Exalted is He!).”[ii]
- Ibn `Asakir mentions a narration that the Prophet (saw) said: “Allah honoured Musa (as) with direct conversation and honoured me with seeing Him…”[iii]
- Ibn `Asakir also mentions another narration where the Prophet (saw) said: “… My Lord said to me that ‘I made Ibrahim my dear friend and spoke directly to Musa but to you Muhammad I allowed direct encounter without veil or intermediary (kafahan).”[iv]
- Ibn Mardawayh mentions a narration that: the Prophet was recounting the description of sidrat al-muntaha’ (‘the furthest limit’) and upon being asked what he saw there, the Prophet replied “I saw Him there”.[v]
Some of the reports (al-athar) of the noble Companions (Allah be pleased with them all!):
- Imam al-Tirmidhi mentions a narration from Ibn `Abbas (ra) that: “We, Banu Hashim, are certain that Muhammad saw his Lord twice”.[vi]
- Ibn Ishaq relates another report that: “Ibn `Umar came to Ibn `Abbas and asked him whether Muhammad saw his Lord and [the latter] replied: ‘yes’.”[vii]
- Al-Tirmidhi[viii] and al-Tabarani[ix] mention from Ibn `Abbas that he said: “…‘Muhammad saw his Lord.’ `Ikrimah said: I asked Ibn `Abbas, ‘did Muhammad see his Lord?’ [Ibn `Abbas] replied: ‘yes. He [honoured] Musa with direct speech and [honoured] Ibrahim in making him His intimate friend but [honoured] Muhammad with seeing Him’.” Tirmidhi adds “he saw his Lord twice”.
- Imam al-Nasa’i, Ibn Khuzayma, al-Hakim[x] and al-Bayhaqi[xi] report that Ibn `Abbas said: “What, are surprised to know that Allah made Ibrahim His intimate friend, spoke directly with Moses and allowed Muhammad to see Him?”[xii]
- al-Tabarani[xiii] also mentions that Ibn `Abbas used to say: “Muhammad saw his Lord twice; once with his eyes and once with his heart.”[xiv]
- Ibn Khuzayma and al-Bazzar report from Anas b. Malik (ra) that he said: “Verily Muhammad (saw) saw his Lord (Mighty sand Exalted is He).”[xv]
- Muhammad Ibn Ishaq narrates that: “Marwan asked Abu Hurayra (ra): ‘Did Muhammad (saw) see his Lord?’ [Abu Hurayra] replied: ‘yes’.”[xvi]
And Allah (swt) knows best.
[i] A`la Hazrat, Munabbih al-Munya, pp.637-641 (Mehbub khuda ki arsh tak rasa-i aur didari ilahi ke bare mein matlub se khabardar karne wala). Question: ‘what do the religious scholars say regarding the issue of the Prophet (saw) seeing his Lord on Shab-e meraj? Are there any hadeesto support it?’ Photocopy excerpt given above.
[ii] Ahmad, Musnad, 1, 285 from `Abd Allah b. `Abbas (ra). Al-Hafiz Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti also mentioned it in al-Khasa’is al-Kubra, 1, 161 and was graded sahih (‘authentic’) by al-Hafiz al-Munawi in Taysir Sharh Jami` al-Saghir, 2, 25.
[iii] al-Hindi, Kanz al-`Ummal, 4, 447, no.60253, from Jabir b. `Abd Allah (ra).
[iv] Ibn `Asakir as mentioned in his Ta’rikh Dimashq, 3, 296. The word Kafahan/كفاحا according to the lexicon Majma` al-Bihar al-Anwar, 4, 424 means “the encounter between two people without veil or intermediary…”
[v] Meaning His Lord (swt). See al-Suyuti, al-Durr al-Manthur, 5, 194 under Q. 14:1.
[vi] Tirmidhi, Sunan, 2, 161 (section: tafsir of surat al-Najm) and al-Qadi `Iyad, al-Shifa bi-Ta`rif Huquq al-Mustafa, 1, 159.
[vii] al-Suyuti, al-Durr al-Manthur, 7, 570 under Q. 53:18.
[viii] Tirmidhi, Sunan, 2, 160 (section: tafsir of surat al-Najm) where he graded it hasan (‘good’).
[ix] al-Tabarani, al-Mu`jam al-Awsat, 10, 181, no.9392.
[x] al-Hakim, al-Mustadrak `ala ’l-Sahihayn, 1, 25 where he graded the hadith as sahih.
[xi] al-Bayhaqi, Sunan al-Kubra, 6, 482, no.11539.
[xii] Imam al-Qastallani in al-Mawahib al-Laduniyya, 3, 104 and Imam al-Zarqani in Sharh al-Mawahib al-Laduniyya, 6, 117 both graded the isnad (‘chain of transmission’) as jayyid (‘good’). Cf. also al-Suyuti, al-Durr al-Manthur, 7, 569 under Q. 53:18.
[xiii] al-Tabarani, al-Mu`jam al-Awsat, 6, 356, no.5858.
[xiv] The isnad is graded sahih according to al-Suyuti, `Allama Shami (Ibn `Abidin), al-Qastallani and al-Zarqani. See al-Mawahib al-Laduniyya, 3, 105 and Sharh al-Mawahib al-Laduniyya, 6, 117.
[xv] The isnad is graded qawiy (‘strong’) according to al-Qastallani and al-Zarqani. See al-Mawahib al-Laduniyya, 3, 105 and Sharh al-Mawahib al-Laduniyya, 6, 118.
[xvi] al-Zarqani, Sharh al-Mawahib al-Laduniyya, 6, 116 and al-Qadi `Iyad, al-Shifa bi-Ta`rif Huquq al-Mustafa, 1, 159.